History 2

1968 in Europe: A History of Protest and Activism, 1956-1977 by Klimke

By Klimke

1968 in Europe: A heritage of Protest and Activism, 1956-1977 by way of Klimke, Marti...

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Extra resources for 1968 in Europe: A History of Protest and Activism, 1956-1977 by Klimke, Martin, Scharloth, Joachim [Palgrave Macmillan, 2008] (Paperback) [Paperback]

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I. During an official university event, students delivered the pamphlet, “On the Poverty of Student Life,” to the rector. ”11 For this reason the Strasbourg revolt, which received regional media attention, was the first clear precursor of the student demonstrations of 1968. I. actions had very few direct consequences, and thus the group was viewed as a sect that concentrated on publishing theoretical texts. Only in May 1968 were they involved in the movement in a more direct way. During this period, they were organizationally involved in political debate, first during the occupation of the Sorbonne and then in the Conseil pour le maintien des occupations, which supported the wild demonstrations and factory occupations.

This way, it was possible to accept groups or individuals with differing ideologies and even support their ideas, as long as the basic principles 38 Michael Frey remained untouched. ”11 Members such as Bayard Rustin were mainly responsible for spreading nonviolent action in numerous movements and countries during the 1950s and 1960s. 12 During the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955 and the first spectacular success of the modern Civil Rights Movement through the means of nonviolent action, Rustin was one of the most important advisors of Martin Luther King Jr.

Deutschland–Westeuropa–USA (München: Beck, 2001), 15ff. 20. Cf. Ingrid Gilcher-Holtey, “Die Phantasie an die Macht,” 126ff. 21. Hussey (2001, 212). 22. Berke, Counter Culture, 103. 23. Kuntze, Public Prosecutor, “Indictment,” in Berke, Counter Culture, 108–110, 108f. 3 The International Peace Movement Michael Frey Although there has been a tradition of mainly religiously motivated conscientious objectors for many centuries, the origins of an organized peace movement can be traced back to two nineteenth-century ideologies: pacifism and antimilitarism.

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