By Paolo Asso
E-book four of Lucan??s epic contrasts Europe with Africa. on the conflict of Lerida (Spain), a violent hurricane motives the neighborhood rivers to flood the obvious among the 2 hills the place the opposing armies are camped. Asso??s observation lines Lucan??s memories of early Greek stories of production, whilst Chaos held the weather in vague confusion. This primordial broth units the tone for the complete ebook. After the conflict, the scene switches to the Adriatic shore of Illyricum (Albania), and at last to Africa, the place the proto-mythical water of the start of the publication cedes to the dryness of the desolate tract. The narrative unfolds opposed to the history of the conflict of the weather. The Spanish deluge is changed via the desiccated desolation of Africa. The remark contrasts the representations of Rome with Africa and explores the importance of Africa as an area infected via evil, yet which is still a vital part of Rome. besides Lucan??s different geographic and natural-scientific discussions, Africa??s place as part of the Roman global is painstakingly supported via astronomic and geographic erudition in Lucan??s mixing of medical and mythological discourse. The poet is a visionary who helps his fact claims by way of clinical discourse.
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Additional resources for A Commentary on Lucan, ''De bello civili'' IV, 1st Edition
In achieving variety and such deliberate effects, L. also seeks distinction in emulating his predecessors and _____________ 69 Fick 1890 lists twenty-seven neologisms but 133 superenatare (see 133n. super emicat below) is not attested to by the most authoritative MSS (Malcovati 1940, 112-13 n. 2). ’s nominal compounds, see Gagliardi 1999 in Esposito/Nicastri 1999, 87-107. 70 Cf. Bramble 1982, 541 n. 3. 71 Fantham 1992, 35. ” 73 The model for diction is rather Virgil than Ovid: Fantham 1992, 36.
51 150 155 160 165 170 175 52 Belli Ciuilis Liber Quartus 180 185 190 195 arma rigant lacrimis, singultibus oscula rumpunt, et quamuis nullo maculatus sanguine miles quae potuit fecisse timet. quid pectora pulsas? quid, uaesane, gemis? fletus quid fundis inanis nec te sponte tua sceleri parere fateris? usque adeone times quem tu facis ipse timendum? classica det bello, saeuos tu neclege cantus; signa ferat, cessa: iam iam ciuilis Erinys concidet et Caesar generum priuatus amabit. nunc ades, aeterno conplectens omnia nexu, o rerum mixtique salus Concordia mundi et sacer orbis amor: magnum nunc saecula nostra uenturi discrimen habent.
Soon, after the equipment is recovered, they warm their soaked limbs and by running they revitalize their bodies, chilled by the river, until the shadows shorten when the day ascends to its midway point. Now the cavalry harry the rear of the column, and the enemy are held in doubt whether to flee or fight. Twin cliffs elevate rocky ridges up from the plain with a hollow valley in the middle; the ascending land turns into high mountains here, among which safe routes lie hidden in shady bends; Caesar sees that if the enemy should take hold of these narrow passes, they would force the war into remote lands and wild peoples.