By Fatih Ermiş
The Ottoman Empire (1299-1923) existed on the crossroads of the East and the West. Neither the historical past of Western Asia, nor that of jap Europe, could be totally understood with no wisdom of the background of the Ottoman Empire.
The query is usually raised of even if fiscal considering can exist in a non-capitalistic society. within the Ottoman Empire, like in all different pre-capitalistic cultures, the commercial sphere used to be a vital part of social existence, and components of Ottoman monetary suggestion can often be present in among political, social and non secular rules. Ottoman fiscal pondering can't, for that reason, be analyzed in isolation; research of monetary pondering can demonstrate facets of the complete international view of the Ottomans.
Based on huge archival paintings, this landmark quantity examines Ottoman fiscal considering within the classical interval utilizing 3 recommendations: humorism, circle of justice and family financial system. Basing the study upon the writings of the Ottoman elite and bureaucrats, this booklet explores Ottoman fiscal pondering ranging from its personal dynamics, warding off the temptation to hunt smooth financial theories and methods within the Ottoman milieu.
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Extra resources for A History of Ottoman Economic Thought: Developments Before the Nineteenth Century
Polanyi, ‘The Economy as Instituted Process’, p. 250. Max Weber, General Economic History, trans. by Frank H. Knight, New York: Greenberg, 1927, pp. 313–14. , p. 334. , pp. 343–4. Polanyi characterizes the Hellenistic period as starting with the conquest of Asia by Alexander the Great and the first two centuries AD of the Roman Empire as the high period of ancient ‘capitalism’. Polanyi, The Livelihood of Man, p. 273. Max Weber, Economy and Society, ed. by Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich, trans.
Sayar, Osmanlı İktisat Düşüncesinin, p. 79. Sabri F. Ülgener, ‘İktisadi Hayatta Zihniyetin Rolü ve Tezahürleri’, İstanbul Üniversitesi İktisat Fakültesi Mecmuası, vol. 2, 1940, pp. 351–3. ’ See Sayar, Osmanlı İktisat Düşüncesinin, p. 78. , p. 159. , p. 105. , p. 126. Winifred Barr Rothenberg, From Market Places to a Market Economy: The Transformation of Rural Massachusetts 1750–1850, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1992, p. 5. Polanyi, The Great Transformation, p. 83. Ḥiyāl, plural of ḥīla, were ways of taking interest through apparently legal transactions.
145. 3 İnalcık, ‘The Ottoman Çift-hane System’, p. 143. ), Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000, p. 16. , p. 29; Ahmet Tabakoğlu, Türk İktisat Tarihi, Istanbul: Dergâh Yayınları, 2000, p. 198. 6 Şevket Pamuk, 100 Soruda Osmanlı-Türkiye İktisadî Tarihi 1500–1914, Istanbul: Gerçek Yayınevi, 1999, pp. 40–1. 7 Baki Çakır, ‘Mukataa (muqataah, maktu)’, in: Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, Gábor Ágoston and Bruce Alan Masters (eds), New York: Facts On File, 2009, p. 396. 8 Emin literally means faithful, trustworthy.