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A Paradigm Lost: The linguistic thought of Mikołaj by Joanna Radwanska-Williams

By Joanna Radwanska-Williams

The overall idea of language of Mikołaj Kruszweski (1851-1887) is, this booklet argues, a “lost paradigm” within the background of linguistics. the idea that of 'paradigm' is known in a widely construed Kuhnian experience, and its applicability to linguistics as a technology is tested. it truly is argued that Kruszewski's conception was once a covert paradigm in that his significant paintings, Ocerk nauki o jazyke ('An define of the technology of Language', 1883), had the aptitude to be seminal within the historical past of linguistics, i.e. to accomplish the prestige of a 'classical text', or 'exemplar'. This power was once no longer discovered simply because Kruszewski's impression was once hindered via a variety of historic elements, together with his early demise and the simultaneous consolidation of the Neogrammarian paradigm, with its emphasis on phonology and language swap. The e-book examines the highbrow heritage of Kruszweski's inspiration, which used to be rooted, partly, within the culture of British empiricism. It additionally discusses Kruszewski's dating to his instructor Jean Baudouin de Courtenay (1845-1929), his angle in the direction of the Neogrammarian circulation in linguistics, the ambivalent reception of his idea through his contemporaries, and the impact of his paintings at the linguistic idea of Roman Jakobson (1896-1982).

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56). 64). Since the ultimate goal of linguistic science, according to Baudouin's discussion, is to establish the laws that govern the phenomena of language, it is appropriate to examine his conception of linguistic laws. 57): Law here means a formulation, a generalization that states that under certain conditions, after a or b, there appears x and y, or that a and b in one domain of phenomena (for example, in one language or in one category of words or forms of a given language) corresponds to x and y in another domain.

59). The physical aspect is that aspect of the sound system which is predicated on physiological and acoustic properties, while the psychological aspect is the speakers' feeling for the language. 68-69): Language is a complex of separate and meaningful sounds and groups of sounds which are unified into a whole by the feeling of a certain people (as a collection of perceiving and unconsciously generalizing individuals) who form in turn, one category, one intellectual species, owing to the language which they all share.

1884, and reprinted as part of the text of an autobiographical article (Baudouin 1897). He decided to become a linguist at age 16, while attending preparatory courses for entry into Warsaw University, then called the 'Main School'. Against the wishes of his father, who wanted him to enroll in the math-physics department, he enrolled in the history-philology department, and attended the Main School from 1862 to 1866. His early interest in linguistics is also evidenced by an unpublished student essay, in which in response to a set topic on the relationship of philology to history and philosophy, he chose to argue passionately for the status of linguistics as a science separate and distinct from philology (Baudouin 1864; cf.

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