Social Philosophy

A Philosophy of Political Myth by Chiara Bottici

By Chiara Bottici

During this publication, Chiara Bottici argues for a philosophical figuring out of political fantasy. Bottici exhibits that fantasy is a approach, considered one of non-stop paintings on a simple narrative trend that responds to a necessity for importance. humans want which means in an effort to grasp the area they stay in, yet additionally they desire value so that it will dwell in an international that's much less detached to them. this can be quite actual within the realm of politics. Political myths are narratives in which we orient ourselves, and act and think approximately our political global. Bottici exhibits that during order to return to phrases with modern phenomena, resembling the conflict among civilizations, we want a Copernican revolution in political philosophy. If we wish to store cause, we have to examine it from the viewpoint of delusion.

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Indeed, the “fragments of the Presocratics” are either “testimonia”, comments made by successive authors on their theories, or “direct quotations”, namely, quotations made by subsequent ancient authors. Therefore, doubts over a linear account of the “birth of philosophy” seem to be legitimate. In the first place, it is very difficult to see how the alleged separation comme a` la hache between thinking and reality could ever be attributed to the so-called first naturalist philosophers. For instance, we have many indications that the separation of the logos, understood as 7 8 A more recent version of the argument can be found in Castoriadis 2004.

Even for the sophists the old tales (mythoi) were part of a reservoir of traditional material to which they themselves did not disdain to make recourse in their art of constructing discourses. P1: SBT 0521876559c01 CUNY769/Bottici 0 521 87655 9 30 May 12, 2007 22:16 I A Genealogy of Myth According to Plato’s testimony, learning to express one’s arguments in the form of the logos and the mythos was part of the basic training in the rhetorical-dialectical curriculum: on the one hand, there was the demonstration of truth based on rational argumentation, and, on the other, its narration through figurative expressions.

The term is composed of the privative prefix “alpha” plus the root lath-that forms the verb lanthano, “to remain hidden” and the composite epilanthanomai, “to forget” as well as the substantive lethe, “forgetfulness”. As Martin Heidegger first pointed out, according to its original meaning, the semantic area expressed by the Greek term P1: SBT 0521876559c01 CUNY769/Bottici 40 0 521 87655 9 May 12, 2007 22:16 I A Genealogy of Myth aletheia is therefore that of the “unhiddenness” or “unforgetfulness” (Heidegger 2002b).

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